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Integrated Child Protection Scheme

Formation of District Child Protection Unit

In order to ensure effective service delivery ICPS will be implemented by setting up State Child Protection Society (SCPS) and District Child Protection Units (DCPUs) as the fundamental units for implementation at State and District level respectively. State Adoption Resource Agency (SARA) shall function as a unit under the SCPS. The SCPS will be registered under the Societies Registration Act, 1860 and function under the overall supervision and control of the department looking after child welfare/protection in the State/UT. The Ministry of Women and Child Development (MWCD) has already formulated and disseminated detailed guidelines along with the bye laws for setting up these societies at the State level.

District Child Protection Unit (DCPU)

ICPS envisages setting up a District Child Protection Unit (DCPU) in each district as a fundamental unit for the implementation of the scheme.

Functions of District Child Protection Unit (DCPU)

The DCPU shall coordinate and implement all child rights and protection activities at district level. Specific functions of the DCPU shall be to:

  • Contribute to effective implementation of child protection legislations, schemes and
    achievement of child protection goals laid out in the National Plan of Action for Children. In doing so, the DCPU will follow national and state priorities, rules and guidelines.
  • Identify families at risk and children in need of care and protection through effective networking and linkages with the ICDS functionaries, Specialized Adoption Agencies (SAA), NGOs dealing with child protection issues and local bodies, viz. PRIs and Urban Local Bodies, etc.,
  • Ensure effective implementation of the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000 and its Amendment Act, 2006 at district/city levels by supporting creation of adequate infrastructure, viz. setting up JJBs, CWCs, SJPUs in each districts and homes in a cluster of districts as required.
  • Ensure setting up of District, Block and Village level Child Protection Committees for
    effective implementation of programs, as well as discharge of its functions
  • Facilitate transfer of children at all levels for either restoration to their families or placing the child in long or short-term rehabilitation through sponsorship, kinship care, in country adoption, foster care, inter-country adoption and placement in institutions.
  • Supervise and monitor all institutions/agencies providing residential facilities to children in district.
  • Train and build capacity of all personnel (Government and Non-government) working under child protection system to provide effective services to children.
  • Maintain a database of all children in institutional care and non-institutional care at the district level. This Data Management System will ultimately be uploaded onto a
    comprehensive, integrated, live database for children in care and in need of care in the country- the ‘TrackChild’.

Schemes

Sponsorship

Sponsorship support will be provided to a family to enable a child to continue to remain in the family, continue his/her education. This is an effort towards preventing children from becoming destitute / vulnerable, running away, forced into child marriage, forced into child work etc. The DCPU with the help of its social workers, outreach workers, volunteers as well as the Village Child Protection
Committees shall identify vulnerable families or children for sponsorship support.

Details of Children benefitted under sponsorship from 2012 – 2017
Year Beneficiaries
2012 – 2013 0
2013 – 2014 25
2014 – 2015 24
2015 – 2016 41
2016 – 2017 41

After Care

The Juvenile Justice Act provides for an After Care Program for children without family or other support who leave institutional care after they attain 18 years of age to sustain themselves during the transition from institutional to independent life. The objective of this after care program is to enable such children to adapt to the society and to encourage them to move away from an institution based life.

Details of Children benefited under After Care from 2012 – 2017
Year Beneficiaries
2012 – 2013 0
2013 – 2014 0
2014 – 2015 9
2015 – 2016 15
2016 – 2017 16

Foster Care

Fostering is an arrangement whereby a child lives, usually on a temporary basis, with an extended or unrelated family member. Such an arrangement ensures that the birth parents do not lose any of their parental rights or responsibilities. This arrangement shall cater to children who are not legally free for adoption, and whose parents are unable to care for them due to illness, death, desertion by one parent or any other crisis. The aim is to eventually re-unite the child with his/her own family when the family circumstances improve, and thus prevent institutionalization of children in difficult circumstances.  Till now 3 Applications received for Foster care, it is under process.

Children’s Homes

A large number of children in need of care and protection who enter the juvenile justice system through the Child Welfare Committees (CWCs) are in need of residential care and protection during the pendency of any inquiry and subsequently for their long- term care, treatment, education, training, development and rehabilitation. The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act 2000 empowers the State Government either by itself or in collaboration with voluntary organizations to set up Children’s Homes in every district or group of districts for the reception and residential care of such children. These homes shall serve as a home away from home and provide comprehensive child care facilities to children for ensuring their all-round development. They shall work towards enhancing the capabilities and skills of children and work with their families with the view of facilitating their reintegration and rehabilitation into mainstream society.

Capacity Building Training Programme 2013 – 2017
Year No. of Programmes No. of Beneficiaries
2013 21 1650
2014 17 2363
2015 1 48
2016 18 1241
2017 20 1381
Total 77 6683

Child Welfare Committees (CWC)

The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000 makes it mandatory to establish one Child Welfare Committee in each district as the final authority to dispose of cases for the care, protection, treatment, development and rehabilitation of children in need of care & protection and to provide for their basic needs and protection of human rights.

Year Child Marriage Sexual Abuse Case Missing / Runaway Begging Child Labour Abandoned Child / Surrendered Child
2013 2 7 0 3 0 2
2014 9 0 0 0 0 0
2015 22 6 93 19 13 0
2016 15 10 40 3 9 5
2017 32 27 56 53 11 8
Total 80 50 189 78 33 15

Juvenile Justice Boards (JJBS)

The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000 makes it mandatory to have one Juvenile Justice Board (JJB) in each district to deal with matters relating to juveniles in conflict with law. To facilitate setting up of a JJB in each district and to ensure their effective functioning, the scheme provides adequate infrastructure and financial support to the States/UTs. One Juvenile Justice Board is functioning in the District from 2012.

Year No. of Cases No. of JCLs
2013 93 127
2014 80 113
2015 106 116
2016 211 277
2017 214 259
Total 704 892