Jawahar Gram Samridhi Yojana (JGSY)
Jawahar Gram Samridhi Yojana (JGSY) is the restructured, streamlined and comprehensive version of the erstwhile Jawahar Rozgar Yojana(JRY). It has been launched on 1st April, 1999. It has been designed to improve the quality of life of the rural poor by providing them additional gainful employment.
The primary objective of Jawahar Gram Samridhi Yojana is the creation of demand driven village infrastructure including durable assets to enable the rural poor to increase the opportunities for sustained employment. The secondary objective is the generation of supplementary employment for the unemployed poor in the rural areas.
People living in villages constitute the target group of JGSY. Preference is given to SCs/STs, families living below the poverty line and physically handicapped persons.
* The programme is being implemented entirely at the Village Panchayat level. District Rural Development Agencies (DRDAs)/ Zilla Parishads(ZPs) will release the funds including State matching share directly to Village Panchayats.
- Village Panchayat is the sole authority for preparation of Annual Action Plan and its implementation with the approval of Gram Sabha.
- 22.5 per cent of JGSY funds have been earmarked for individual beneficiary schemes for SCs/STs.
- 3 per cent annual allocation would be utilised for creation of barrier free infrastructure for the disabled.
- Wages under JGSY will either be the minimum wages notified by the States or higher wages fixed by States through the procedure prescribed by the State Governments.
- The emphasis of JGSY will be on the creation of durable assets at the village level. Therefore, it has been decided to suitably relax the condition of maintenance of 60:40 wage-material ratio so as to enable the Panchayats to build up demand-driven rural infrastructure, simultaneously taking due care of need-based wage employment generation.
- Village Panchayats will have the power to execute works/schemes up to Rs. 50,000/- with the approval of Gram Sabha. No other adminstrative or technical approval will be necessary. However, for works/schemes costing more than Rs. 50,000/-, after taking the approval of the Gram Sabha, the Village Panchayat shall seek the technical/administrative approval of appropriate authorities.
- In many States Village Panchayats are not sufficiently equipped with staff nor do they have sufficient funds to bear other administrative expenditure/contingency. Under JRY Village Panchayats were permitted to spend upto Rs. 1000/- per year for purchasing items of stationery, registers etc. However, this is hardly adequate both due to escalation of costs and enhanced responsiblites of Gram Panchayats. It is, therefore, decided to allow Village Panchayats to incur expenditure upto Rs. 7500/- or 7.5% of funds, whichever is less, in a year on administrative expenditure/contingency and for employing technical consultancy.
- 15 per cent of funds can be spent on maintenance of assets.
- Under JRY, allocation of funds to the Village Panchayats were made on the basis of population. The Village Panchayats having less than 1000 population were taken as of 1,000 population and more than 10,000 taken as 10,000 for the purpose of allocation of funds to the village panchayats. It has been decided to remove the present upper ceiling of 10,000 population for allocation of JGSY funds to the village panchayats. Now the funds to the village panchayats would be allocated on the basis of population without any ceiling of 10,000 as at present.
- DRDA/ZP/Intermediate Panchayats will be responsible for overall guidance, coordination, supervision, monitoring and periodical reporting.
The programme will be implemented as a Centrally sponsored scheme on cost sharing basis between the centre and the States in the ratio of 75:25 DRDAs/Zila Parishads will release the funds including State matching share directly to Village Panchayats. In the case of Union Territories, entire funds under the scheme will be provided by the Centre.
The Programme is to be implemented by village panchayats with the approval of Gram Sabha. For seeking assistance, Village Pardhan, Panchayat members, Block Development Officer, District Collector or District Rural Development Agency may be contacted.
JGSY in Tiruvallur
In the remote village of Koormavilasapuram in Tiruvalangadu Block, the villagers wanted to have a kitchen shed for the elementary school. Cooking had been done outside with the danger of the food being contaminated by dust, flies, bird droppings,etc. A Kitchen shed was administratively sanctioned by DRDA for Rs.0.39 lakhs and was completed and put into use under JGSY 2000-2001. The people of the village resolved in their annual plan to allocate much of the funds under JGSY to only this work and today the kitchen shed is functioning. The school children are happy to have a kitchen shed in their school. Ms.Selvi, the teacher of the school says that since the shed has been built there is safety for the stock of rice, pulses, etc. The food cooked is also hygienic.
Kitchen shed constructed at Koormavilasapuram of Tiruvalangadu Block under JGSY
Community Center at Andarkuppam Kadapakkam Village Puzhal Block
at Nerkundram Panchayat Villivakkam Block
Panchayat Office altered building at Pakkam Panchayat in Tiruvallur Block
Bus Shelter at Thalavedu Panchayat in Tiruvalangadu Block